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General information about the country

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai ราช อาณาจักร ไทย Ratcha Anachak Thai), is a country in Southeast Asia, bordering Laos and Cambodia to the east, the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia to the south, and the Andaman Sea and Myanmar to west.

Thailand is the 51st country in terms of land area, with an area of ​​approximately 513000 km² and is the 20th most populous country in the world, with about 64 million people. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, is the center of political, commercial, and industrial activity. About 75% of the population is ethnically Thai, 14% is of Chinese origin, and 3% is Malay; 21 the rest belong to minority groups including Mons, Khmer and various hill tribes. The official language is Thai. The main religion is Buddhism, which is practiced by 95% of the population.

Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1996 and is now a newly industrialized country and a major exporter. Tourism also contributes significantly to the economy tailandesa.22 23 The country has 2.2 million legal and illegal immigrants, 24 this land also attracts expatriates from developing countries

Modern and spacious international airports are located in several major cities of Thailand and Don Mueang International Airport, Suvarnabhumi Airport, Chiang Mai International, Hat Yai and Phuket airport. Due to the high volume of tourists visiting the country, these airports are among the busiest in the ASEAN region.

Fiestas. The Thai New Year or Songkran is a very important festival which is celebrated from 13 to 15 April. During these days, "Water Festival" live in the country. The entire population water is released together. To date, water is sometimes replaced with water guns, hoses and even talc. Loy Krathong is another event held during the twelfth full moon of the Thai lunar calendar.

Thailand has a very diverse culture that is generally influenced by Buddhism. The Theravada Buddhism is the main center of theology and faith identity and modern Thai.

The annual rainfall is about 1,525 mm in the northern, western and central regions; of 2,540 mm or more on the Thai side of the Malay Peninsula; and finally, 1,270 mm in the plateau of Jorat
language

The official national language of Thailand is Thai, which belongs to the Tai-Kadai family and is spoken by 60 million people in Southeast Asia. It is considered one of the oldest languages ​​around the east and southeast of the continent. Linguistically, the Thai is related to the languages ​​spoken in northern Vietnam, Yunnan, Laos and Burma and eastern Myanmar.

English is second largest in Thailand and is taught in universities, public schools and generally in Bangkok is spoken and understood. Chinese, Malay, Mon-Khmer, Laotian and various regional dialects like Phuan, lua, Shan, Thai Dam and Thai south (pak ICTD): In Thailand and other languages ​​are also spoken. Besides these, Nyaw is another language used in the provinces of Nakhon Phanom, Udon Thani, Sakhon Nakhon and parts of northeastern Thailand.

The Thai alphabet has 44 consonants and 32 vowels that combine to create syllabic sounds. King Rham Kahmhaeng was introduced by the Thai script in 1283, whence Sanskrit. It is considered that the inscription was a big influence as well as one of the greatest achievements of Thai literature. Thai grammar is simpler than that of Western languages​​. Most Westerners gives greater importance to communication about writing. The pronunciation of the words in the Thai alphabet is independent of its interpretation. Although Thai is tonal, some words have a characteristic tone to be expressed correctly to be understood. The Thai and Chinese are both similar language to be both monosyllabic and tonal. The Thai language uses five tones known as descending, low, medium, high and rising which can be modified with the interpretation of each syllable.
climate

Climograma Bangkok.

Thailand enjoys a tropical climate affected by the action of the monsoon, which vary in direction according to the season. From April to October, winds are mostly east component and are laden with moisture; the rest of the year, the winds blow from the noreste.29

Temperatures in Thailand are generally high ranging between 15 and 35ºC.26 Higher temperatures are during the months of March, April and May. The rainy season is from June to October, when temperatures are high and produce strong precipitaciones.30 The coldest months are November, December, January and February when temperatures drop to 15 ° C at night but during the day they arrive be around 30ºC.26
visas
 
Spanish citizens do not require visas for less than one month stay in Thailand. Argentines, Peruvians and Chileans can extend that stay to 90 days. The other visitors of Spanish-speaking countries require a visa. For more information visit this website visa to Thailand.

The tourist visa is issued for those wishing to travel to Thailand for pleasure and other tourist activities. Is valid for 30 days and the holder is allowed to stay in the country for up to 60 days. Among the documents required to obtain a passport is valid for at least six months to complete the visa application, a recent photograph, airline tickets and money equivalent to 20,000 baht per person or 40,000 Baht per family. The current fee for a tourist visa is $ 25. Thailand also offers passport holders of certain countries to enter the country without a visa and stay for 90 days.

For non-immigrant applications there are different types:

Business Visa (B)

Diplomatic Visa (D)

Visa Education (ED)

Investor Visa (IM) which foreigners forming a society under the regulations of the Investment Commission is granted.

Participation in an official sporting event (S)

Visa for media and other representatives of the press (M)

Visa for missionary work (R)

Visa for training or scientific research (RS)

Usually you can apply for a nonimmigrant visa for 90 days through the Royal Thai Embassy or Consulate in the country of origin.

On the other hand, a permanent resident visa is issued to those who wish to stay and live in Thailand permanently. With this type of visa, the holder need not apply for an extension of the term. There are many advantages of having a permanent residence as applied for naturalization in accordance with Thai law, grant Thai nationality to children born in the country to apply for permanent residence or extension of stay and more.

Vaccines

It is recommended to be vaccinated against Hepatitis A and B, rabies, Japanese encephalitis, tetanus and BCG (tuberculosis). Malaria risk in rural areas throughout the country. However, cities and tourist areas are safe.

Natural Disasters

Severe storms and tsunamis are significant risks in Thailand.

Security

Although Thailand has traditionally been a safe destination to travel for free is easy, only in some areas may not be suitable for those visiting are in place where there are conflicts with neighbors. It is inadvisable border with Cambodia, near the temple Preha. The southern provinces of Yala, Pattani and Narathiwat are unstable due to the existence of insurgent movements. It is recommended to stick to the tourist areas. Also common crime has increased in recent months. If anything can be considered Thailand as a basically safe destination