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Myanmar
Mercado flotante en el lago
Buda en Myanmar
Pagoda Shwedagon en Yangon,
Mercado de hortalizas en Yan
Pagoda Shwedagon en Pagan
Gran complejo real en Mandal
 



General Information

Government

Things to do in Myanmar

Visas

Natural Disasters

Rest in Myanmar

Language

Climate

Population

Vaccines

Security 

 

 General information 

Burma, now called Myanmar, remains one of the most isolated countries in the world. This isolation and the absence of mass tourism have enabled travelers can appreciate, even today, the Burmese ancient traditions

Myanmar - an ancient country and glorious history, rich cultural heritage and incredible beauty of the landscapes as beautiful dreams embodied reality of nature are. Looking for new exotic itineraries growing number of tourists who choose to Myanmar today - a country that is rich in natural and ethno-cultural diversity. Myanmar lies between India and China, bordering Laos, Thailand and the Republic of Bangladesh.
 
The country is not too rich, and its economy is mainly based on agriculture and forestry. Life expectancy is the lowest in the Asian continent and the fact that Burma is ruled by a military dictatorship that attempts to control all spheres of life of the citizens do not exactly contribute to its further development.
The national currency, used daily, is the Kyat (pronounced "chat"), the most commonly used foreign currency the US dollar. For this reason, it is advisable to take this coin, preferably in new bills, as not used or damaged are well regarded and often find trouble being accepted. the use of credit cards is rather limited to major cities such as Yangon and Mandalay.
 
 
The Republic of the Union of Myanmar (birm.), Abbreviated - Myanmar (birm.). Polity - a military regime. The Head of State and Government - Chairman of the State Council to restore law and order. The constitution was suspended.
 
 
The official language of the country - Burma (similar to Tibetan and Chinese). In the business world it is widely used English and Chinese.
 
 
Ethnic Composition (2000): Burmese (Myanmar) - 68% - Shan 9%, Karen - 7%, Rakhine (Arakanese) - 4%, Chinese - 3%, Mons - 2%, Indians - 2%, other - 5%. Total of 135 nationalities, speaking over 100 languages and dialects.
 
 
Tropical monsoon in the south - sub-equatorial. Average temperatures in March and April (the hottest month) from 30 C to 32 C in January - 13 C in the north, from 20 C to 25 C in the south. Year in Myanmar is divided, depending on the influence of the monsoon in three seasons: cool (November-February 20 at 25 C) and hot (March to May 30-32 C) and rainy (June to October). The annual rainfall of 500 mm. a year in the plains and up to 3,500 mm. in the mountains. In the cold season are frequent dust storms.
Best time to visit
Like other countries in Southeast Asia, the most recommended for visiting months are from November to February, when the heat lluviasy give some respite. The climate is tropical, ie, hot and rainy
 
 
All tourists require an entry visa. The usual maximum length of stay is 28 days. This visa can be obtained at the airport, although it is advisable to process it in advance. The price is usually $ 40 per person. Travelers need proof of being in possession of a ticket to leave the country and prove that they have made a booking. It is common practice that the authorities require each traveler proves to be in possession of $ 300 in cash.
 
 
Cons are recommended vaccines for Japanese encephalitis, typhoid, hepatitis and tetanus. There is also risk of malaria throughout the country except in urban areas and over 1,000 meters above sea level.
 
 
Cyclones periodically plague the country. On May 4, 2008 there was a large-scale cyclone that hit the south coast causing countless casualties and infrastructure damage in the Irrawaddy Delta, an area that is still not fully recovered to this day. On March 24, 2011 an earthquake occurred in a remote, mountainous and sparsely populated area, part of the "golden triangle drug" (point where the borders of Myanmar, Laos and Thailand). The main tourist destinations not affected by this earthquake.
 
 
It is generally a safe country. The people are friendly and low crime. However, it is recommended to avoid the Thai border, where guerrilla activity. The tourist areas (Rangoon, Mandalay, Pagan), are very safe.
 
 
In Myanmar is attracting every day for tourists, unlike its neighbors, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia - Myanmar is largely preserved its traditions and its unique ethnic culture. Also in Myanmar, has everything you need for the most varied holiday: from the beaches and hotels, and the last active tours in the mountains.
 
The general idea of the most famous tourist sites in Myanmar
 
Myanmar - is an extraordinary collection of old values and cultural heritage. The famous Shwedagon Pagoda, Old Bagan, Inle Lake surprising gradually becoming a popular tourist destination. World-class resorts and Ngapali, Ngwe Saung can now easily compete with the beaches of Thailand and Indonesia, and the beautiful nature, preserved here in its original form, the country has attracted a large number of eco-tourists. Myanmar is called "gold country" or "land of golden pagodas." In Myanmar, there are about 3,000 pagodas covered with gold and lots of other places of worship, many of which have survived from ancient civilizations and are still places of pilgrimage. It's a great place for lovers of ancient architecture and the followers of Buddhism. You must visit the great golden stupa Shwedagon pagoda, built 2500 years ago. Its tower 98 meters higher weight to 60 tonnes in 1200 decorated with diamonds and gold plates. Here is another curiosity: a giant statue of the reclining Buddha (55 meters), at least a thousand years. Mountain scenery of the north are suitable for hiking and ecotourism, and the coast of Myanmar, you can relax in spas and diving.

 
What to see and where to go. Let's read our recommendations on places of Myanmar.
 
• Rangoon (Yangon): Yangon, the cosmopolitan capital of Myanmar, still maintains its colonial charm - with wide tree lined avenue straight, tranquil lakes and elegant architecture of the last century. The magnificent Shwedagon Pagoda (Shwedagon) dominates the cityscape, while at street level Yangon is a paradise for hunters exotic handicrafts.
Of particular interest is the Scott Market, where you can find what Myanmar is famous in the world market - precious stones - rubies, sapphires and jade. At night, Chinatown is filled with abundant aromas of spicy food and delicious street.
 
• Bagan (Bagan): One of the most impressive archaeological sites in Asia, if not the world, the magic of Bagan Myanmar inspires visitors from more than 1,000 years ago. Once the center of a great kingdom, ancient temples concentration, extended, so the eye can see. Also Bagan - a place of breathtaking sunsets and tranquil river cruise.
 
• Mandalay (Mandalay): The main cultural center of northern Myanmar and the former royal capital, Mandalay still evokes images of romance of a bygone era. The royal palace and impressive moat around at the foot of the imposing hill. Lying on the banks of the majestic river Ieravadi, Mandalay is within the reach of the colonial buildings, ancient cities and other cultural attractions.
 
• Ngapali (Ngapali): Miles of deserted white sand beaches, sparkling turquoise sea, framed by coconut palms, Ngapali Beach - the main beach destination in Myanmar. The cozy resort offers visitors the opportunity to swim, sunbathe, enjoy a romantic dinner on the beach lazy Indian Ocean.
Ngapali Beach - a perfect place for those few days to enjoy your stay in Myanmar